“To promote the standardization of China’s gear industry, we must break the thinking mode under the planned economy and take the road of standardized development of market economy.” Wang Shengtang, secretary-general of gear professional association, recently appealed in an exclusive interview with reporters of China industry daily.
He pointed out that under the condition of market economy, it is often those enterprises that take the lead in innovation, leading the development of standards. It is under their promotion that enterprise standards gradually rise to industry standards, national standards and even international standards. “This is the basic feature of gear standardization under the market economy environment, and also the inevitable trend of the development of market economy standardization.”
Standard mode of planned economy to be changed
Referring to the standards of China’s gear industry, Wang Shengtang believes that it can be traced back to the early days of liberation when China learned the experience of the Soviet Union in an all-round way. By the 1960s and 1970s, the industry began to implement the gear 60 standard organized by the government.
“In the 1980s, in order to change the backward appearance of the gear industry, China began to implement the gear 88 standard with reference to the ISO standard. However, as a reference, there is still a big gap with international standards in the design, technology and equipment of gears. ” Wang Shengtang said.
In the 1990s, the market economy developed greatly in China, and the state decided to adopt ISO standard equally. However, due to the debate on equivalence or equivalence, China’s gear industry has delayed the best period of implementing the iso1995 standard. In name, but in fact, it has not changed its thinking. As a result, the standard concepts of gear manuals, textbooks, design and equipment are backward. So far, many enterprises still stay at the level of understanding of the gear 88 standard, which affects the gear products to catch up with the international water The process of peace.
“China has been following the development path of market economy for 30 years, but the standardization of gear industry is still in the mode of thinking of planned economy.” During the interview, Wang Shengtang stressed again and again.
He told reporters that under the planned economy system, standards are implemented by the government, which is the main body of standardization. “As a result of decades of planned economy, China has formed a decreasing pattern in which international standards are higher than national standards, national standards are higher than industry standards, and industry standards are higher than enterprise standards. The lack of power for enterprises to improve standards and the widening gap between gear products and international products eventually lead to repeated introduction of the industry, which is hard to stop. “
“At present, the standard thinking and organization mode of planned economy in China’s gear industry must be changed.” Wang Shengtang repeatedly appealed on many occasions.
Under the environment of market economy, standards are updated quickly, products are replaced quickly, and technological innovation is fast. The reason is that the driving force of the development of market economy standards is fierce market competition. “Enterprises are the main body of competition, that is, the main body of standards. Market competition promotes technological innovation and innovation promotes the improvement of standards, thus forming a standard development model driven by enterprises and markets. ” Wang Shengtang came with reporters.
Innovation standard drives market development
Under the condition of market economy, enterprise standard is the symbol of product level. Advanced gear enterprises lead the product standard through independent innovation, and then occupy the market with advanced products. The standard has become the weapon to create profits. Therefore, the product standard of independent innovation is the “locomotive” that drives the development of gear market.
“For this reason, in recent years, the gear Association, entrusted by leading enterprises in the industry, has actively organized key enterprises to formulate and revise the standards of the industry association, guided the market with standards, standardized the market with market access conditions, curbed vicious competition, and helped the best and the worst. It should be said that enterprises are the main body of standards and associations are the organizers of standards. ” Wang Shengtang, for example, said that the four series standards of vehicle gear steel procurement standard, motorcycle gear standard and industrial generalformulated by the gear association are all aimed at promoting the products to reach the international supporting level, curbing the vicious competition of low quality and low price, and promoting the gradual upgrading of gear products with market access conditions as the main content.
According to him, in some developed countries in Europe and the United States, if the association’s standards are well reflected in the market two or three years after implementation, they will be upgraded to national standards, which will support enterprises in a favorable position to participate in international competition.
“National standard is a kind of weapon to defend national market as a threshold, while international standard is the product of international trade, the standard led by gear Association of gear powers, and the product of negotiation between national gear associations.” Wang Shengtang told reporters.
“To sum up, the independent innovation of enterprises is the foundation of the birth of advanced standards in the market economy.” He concluded that advanced enterprises use innovative standards to open up, occupy and lead the market, so the enterprise standard is higher than the industry association standard, the industry association standard is higher than the national standard, and the advanced national standard is higher than the international standard. “The reason why we regard international standards as sacred now is that they are far behind in concepts and standards due to lack of innovation.”
Independent innovation promotes industry development
“Once enterprises stop innovation, they will become” workers “, and they must use independent innovation to promote Chinese gear products to reach the international advanced level.” This is the basic point of view of the gear professional association, Wang said. Because of this, gear association has been promoting independent innovation since 2005. The gear association has been promoting the development of gear standardization in China for more than ten years by referring to the experience of the standardization work of the American Gear Association.
“If an enterprise wants to participate in international competition, it must first catch up with and implement the new ISO gear (current) standards, make the basic standards ofaccuracy and strength consistent with the international standards, and obtain the pass to enter the international market.” He said that this is the basic condition for gear products to keep up with the development of the international market and move towards the world.
Secondly, when formulating the standards of various kinds of gear products, we should take the standards of international advanced companies as the goal, set the technical conditions of products based on the basic parameters of international matching gears, and create gear products that can participate in international matching through innovative design and technology, so as to serve the domestic and foreign trade of gear products.
Finally, Wang Shengtang also said that the gear association can set different market access conditions when formulating standards for products whose domestic backbone enterprises are not up to the international supporting level for the time being, and classify the products into three categories, such as a, B and C. “Among them, class A represents the international leading level, which is our direction of efforts; class B represents the international supporting level, which is the goal to be achieved within a time limit; class C represents the products that are difficult to be eliminated temporarily but clearly backward, which will be phased out in batches.”
“In a word, China’s process from a big gear manufacturing country to a strong gear manufacturing country is a process of rapid improvement of gear product standards.” Wang Shengtang said.